Addiction Policy Forum Blog

5 min read

Examining Brain Health Could Help Fight Methamphetamine Use Disorder

By Mark Gold, MD on August 1, 2019

Methamphetamine , a well-known psychostimulant drugs of abuse is in a resurgence in people using opioids and others. While many treatment options exist for patients with opioid use disorders, alcohol use disorders, and even tobacco smokers, there are far fewer options for people trying to stop using methamphetamines. No known medical treatments exist for overdose, dependence, craving, relapse, or to reverse all of the effects of methamphetamine binges and dependence. Experts studying substance use disorders recognize that their effects from misuse, especially the misuse of methamphetamine, can linger even after periods of abstinence.Patients treated for methamphetamine binges, or dependence, for example, often suffer from cognitive impairments, including psychosis. Some of the persistent problems may reflect underlying brain change or even damage. If overlooked, cognitive problems can limit the effectiveness of treatment. They can also create a dangerous hopelessness or relapse cycle. That’s one reason why it’s so important to understand how substances like methamphetamine may alter the brain’s structure.

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3 min read

What can rats tell us about making better medications for alcohol use disorder?

By Mark Gold, MD on July 25, 2019

Despite causing significant morbidity, mortality, and consequences relative to many other substance use disorders, alcoholism remains understudied in key respects. Some research has discovered certain brain pathways and structures linked to incentive cycles and reward-seeking behavior, but these findings have not necessarily been translated into treatment improvements. We still really do not understand why so many people have had a drink or drink regularly and do not have problems, or specifically addressed why 15% of people who consume alcohol struggle with loss of control-compulsive alcohol use in their behavior. To better understand what might cause people to move from controlled to uncontrolled alcohol use, researchers at Linköping University, the University of Gothenburg, and the University of Texas studied the rates at which rats seemed to prefer to self-administer alcohol or the sweetener saccharin.

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4 min read

Are e-cigs helpful or harmful? Science says “it’s complicated.”

By Mark Gold, MD on July 11, 2019

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3 min read

Data sharing among ED physicians could reduce drug overdose

By Mark Gold, MD on June 27, 2019

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4 min read

The Impact of Racism and Mindfulness on Health

By Mark Gold, MD on June 20, 2019

A recent study brings forward some important insight into how racial discrimination affects behavioral health outcomes among young Black Americans. Read further to find out more about the negative impact of discrimination and how mindfulness may prove to be an effective strategy in mitigating associated health risks.

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3 min read

Can CBD Help in the Treatment of and Recovery from Opioid Use Disorder?

By Mark Gold, MD on June 13, 2019

The physiological cravings that accompany addiction, along with memory cues and environment triggers specific to each patient can cause a recurrence of use or relapse. As such, effective treatment needs to address a person’s behavioral health and help them learn how to cope with stress and environmental triggers.

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