Addiction Policy Forum Blog

3 min read

Can CBD Help in the Treatment of and Recovery from Opioid Use Disorder?

By Mark Gold, MD on June 13, 2019

The physiological cravings that accompany addiction, along with memory cues and environment triggers specific to each patient can cause a recurrence of use or relapse. As such, effective treatment needs to address a person’s behavioral health and help them learn how to cope with stress and environmental triggers.

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Risks of Opioid & Alcohol Use for Women Increase with Age

By Mark Gold, MD on June 6, 2019

Alcohol use is very prevalent among Americans - more than half of U.S. adults drank last month - and alcohol is the third leading cause of preventable death after tobacco and poor diet/physical inactivity.1,2 When coupled with prescription opioid use, drinking becomes especially dangerous.3 Women are at high-risk of experiencing these adverse health effects, which worsen with age. A recent study illuminates the repercussions of concurrent alcohol and prescription opioid use in older women.

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Veterans Affairs Uses Predictive Model to Reduce Opioid Risks

By Mark Gold, MD on May 30, 2019

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4 min read

How Does Spirituality Change the Brain?

By Mark Gold, MD on May 3, 2019

 

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Geographic Distribution of Opioid-Related Mortality in the Third-Wave Opioid Epidemic

By Mark Gold, MD on April 4, 2019

The opioid epidemic is a devastating public health crisis - over 47,600 overdose deaths in 2017 involved an opioid, and this number has seen a dramatic uptick in the last decade. Opioid-related mortality emerged as a public health issue in the 1990s,  which led to a common cultural understanding of the opioid epidemic as a rural issue (concentrated in the Midwest and Appalachia) caused by an increase in the prescription of oxycodone. Emerging research suggests that the narrative of the current crisis is not so simple - that in fact there are multiple co-occurring and distinct epidemics, characterized by different types of opioids as well as  geographical footprint.

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Cannabis use via E-cigarette on the Rise Among Adolescents

By Mark Gold, MD on April 2, 2019

Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are the most commonly used nicotine-delivery product among US youth and their popularity is rising - 1 in 5 high school students currently use them. Until recently, there were few regulations on how companies that sell e-cigarettes can market and sell them - although companies claim that the product was made for and is marketed to adults, there has been a major uptick in use. Aggressive marketing campaigns that position e-cigarettes as a safe alternative to smoking have worked, convincing adults and youth that e-cigarettes are harmless. Because they are new to market, E-cigarette companies can also employ types of marketing strategies that are forbidden to traditional cigarette companies due to their efficacy among adolescents, such as sponsoring film and music festivals. E-cigarettes, also called vapes, vape-pens, and e-hookahs, can be filled with tobacco products that are far more addictive than cigarettes due to their much higher nicotine concentration. Instead of being packed with tobacco, e-cigarettes use cartridges that are filled with liquid that can deliver a much higher dosage of nicotine. These cartridges can also be can also be filled with cannabis.

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